Polyphemus in Michigan usually begin emerging in early to mid June.

They will consume all or part of the egg shell and soon after will begin to consume the leaves they find themselves upon. Populations of this and other giant silk moths are harmed by parasitic flies and wasps that were intentionally introduced into North America to prey on the invasive gypsy moth. This is comprised of breakdown waste of the old larval tissues. This massive insect, a member of “Giant Silk Moth” family, regularly reaches wingspans of 6 inches. November 07, 2007

Generally, diseases and infections tend to develop inside poorly ventilated containers with ‘stale’ air, that are overcrowded and too humid.

An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. Caterpillars are a bright, almost flourescent (mint or lime) green with brown head capsules, orange spiracula and in some cases have white ‘stripes’ along their sides, and are decorated with ‘warts’ (tubercules) that are slightly hairy (setae); these tubercules can be brightly colored and are often orange, yellow, pink or red and are sometimes accompanied by shiny metallic patches. Often, the male will be seen dangling below the female, firmly attached to her abdomen. "Antheraea polyphemus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. When ready to mate, female polyphemus moths emit pheromones that attract males. The ability of the males to detect females of the same species from long distances allow them to maintain populations under low density. 2007.

Wingspan ranges from 10 to 15 cm. This massive insect, a member of “Giant Silk Moth” family, regularly reaches wingspans of 6 inches. Larvae feed on more than 20 species of trees and shrubs in Missouri. While many species introduced for biological control prey on only a single or a few related species, several generalist predators have been introduced to the detriment of native species. Usually this is between the twigs and leaves of their host plant, but also between fallen leaf litter on the ground, on braches or crevices in tree bark and more. Kept in a cage, the male and female tend to ignore each other, unless a food plant (particularly oak leaves) is present. Antheraea polyphemus, the polyphemus moth, is a very large moth found in Canada, North America and Mexico. There are yellowish-red tubercles on the thoracic and abdominal segments, with those in the dorsal (top) area having a metallic luster. In Arizona Antheraea oculea a separate species look nearly identical to Polyphemus except that they have a darker sooty overcast on the wings. Polyphemus moths can be abundant in and near forests, also in parks and suburban areas, orchards, and wetlands. They may wander for a day or two, before finding a good spot to spin a cocoon. (2019); Written by Bart Coppens; based on a real life breeding experience [for citations in literature and publications]. This speaks to genetic aspects that allow certain populations to adapt on a particular host species developing that into a preferred host when nothing else occurs in that area.

Many butterflies and moths are associated with particular types of food plants, which their caterpillars must eat in order to survive.

The male's antennae are used to detect pheromones released by unmated females. The caterpillars of this species can accurately predict when winter is coming. This involves the large eyespots on its hindwings, which give the moth its name (from the cyclops Polyphemus in Greek mythology). Little information is available regarding the home range of polyphemus moths. ("Polyphemus Moth", 2005; "Polyphemus", 2007). Larvae (caterpillars) molt 5 times and grow to their full size in 5 to 6 weeks. Cocoons are oval in shape, 40 mm in length and 22 to 24 mm in diameter. Adult moths have semi-transparent wings, occur in the fall, and fly during the daytime; range caterpillar, Hemileuca oliviae Cockrell, caterpillars are yellow, gray or black and adorned with clusters of …

Butterflies, skippers, and moths belong to an insect order called the Lepidoptera — the "scale-winged" insects. Polyphemus moth cocoons are oval with a tough outer layer of silk and usually wrapped in a leaf of the food plant.

Haldane and his wife, entomologist Helen Spurway, the Polyphemus moth was reclassified, becoming Antheraea polyphemus. Sometimes they are attached to stems and persist there through the winter. Fertile eggs that are about to hatch darken slightly.

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Some caterpillars turn dark green before pupating. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control.

Color patterns can range from a reddish cinnamon to a dark brown, but are almost always a shade of brown. In their northernmost range, where the winters are bitter cold and summer is short, this species will play it safe and produce only one generation a year (Canada and the states bordering Canada e.g Minnesota) and cocoons immediately prepare for winter.

Polyphemus pupa wiggle rapidly when disturbed. The most notable feature of the moth is its large, purplish eyespots on its two hindwings. The pupa of this species obtect with prominent ridges along the upper one-third abdominal segments. "Polyphemus Moth (Antheraea polyphemus)" (On-line). Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson, Saturniidae (giant silkworm and royal moths). ("Polyphemus Moth", 2005; Hyche, 2000; "Polyphemus Moth", 2005; Hyche, 2000; "Luna, Io, Imperial, Cecropia, Polyphemus Moths", 1999), After about 10 days, tiny polyphemus moth caterpillars hatch from eggs.

uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. In the southern part of their range, many broods may hatch each year.

(Tuskes, et al., 1996; Day, 2007; Tuskes, et al., 1996), Polyphemus moth caterpillars are occasionally considered pests to plum orchards in California. Otherwise, they are commonly associated with virtually all types of forest,wetlands, swamps, and any place where deciduous trees are common.

They are also parasitized by some wasps. Kalola, R. and S. Steffey 2011.

A few great host plant options are oak (Quercus), birch (Betula), willow (Salix) and sweetgum (Liquidambar) for good result and nicely sized specimens, but any of the host plants mentioned before can work.

Range maps bring in the study of geography, providing an understanding the Great Lakes basin and why associated biomes support certain species of plants and moths while a neighbouring habitat type may not.

Males use their sense of smell and touch to find females. Fresh cocoons are papery and silky white, but over the span of a few days they harden and become thougher and become brownish. The eggs of Antheraea polyphemus are oval, a little flat, creamy white/brown with a brown ring that runs along the side. "Polyphemus Moth" Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Parasitic insects – such as the parasitoid wasp – lay their eggs in or on the young caterpillars. However, the more we move southwards in their range, they gradually produce more generations per year. In the most southern and hottest states such as Florida, Texas, Lousiana, they may produce three to four broods per year. They feed heavily on their host plant and can grow up to 3–4 in long.

Accessed The ground color varies greatly; some specimens are brown or tan, others are bright reddish brown. "Polyphemus" Trails of Freedom LLC is not responsible for any accidents, injuries, rescues, inconvenience, or loss of life by anyone attempting any of the hikes on this website. Accessed November 12, 2020 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Antheraea_polyphemus/.

Below you will find some useful links to help you navigate my website better or help you find more information that you need about moths and butterflies. Large spots on the wings of the Polyphemus Moth look rather similar to eyes and it uses this intriguing adaptation to confuse potential predators.

The species was first described by Pieter Cramer in 1776. Disclaimer: The hiking videos, articles and trail descriptions found on this site are for informational purposes only. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices.

Polythemus moths, as caterpillars, are bright green with a reddish brown head. Polyphemus moths are easy to raise in captivity;  hobbyists that appreciate moths commonly breed them, and many American (amateur) entomologists / nature lovers / insect collectors have fond childhood memories of them.

FEATURES The polyphemus moth is yellow-brown to red-brown and has an eyespot on each wing. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This species is wide ranging as far west as California and south to Florida. Adults also practice mimicry; they have eyespots on their hind wings.



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