Shell Puget Sound Refinery, Anacortes, Washington, was fined $291,000 from 2006 to 2010 for violations of the Clean Air Act making it the second most-fined violator in the Pacific Northwest.

Led by President and Chief Executive Officer Frank H. Richardson, who succeeded John Bookout upon his retirement in 1988, Shell boasted strong cash flow and a decreasing level of long-term debt in the late 1980s.

Shell Oil Company is the United States-based wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell, a transnational corporation "oil major" of Anglo-Dutch origins, which is amongst the largest oil companies in the world.

Shell’s innovation has continued at pace into the 21st Century. During his address, Trump called out specific union leaders to declare their voting loyalty.

In the Antarctic, explorers Ernest Shackleton and Captain Scott used Shell fuel, while Bleriot’s inaugural cross-Channel flight was made using Shell Spirit. [10], In recent years The Shell Oil Company's Midstream, and Downstream, in particular, have become limited to petroleum, and chemical products. Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol.

"[20], Between 1978 and 1995, Shell Oil produced polybutylene pipes, which corrode when exposed to chlorine. War was also a catalyst for great innovation, with major advances in both fuel and chemicals research, including the development of fuels for new generations of aircraft such as the Spitfire. By the late 1920s the company was actively laying pipeline across the country to transport oil from its Texas fields to the Wood River refinery. Shell also began to look beyond the traditional oil-producing countries for supplies and stepped up exploration in the North Sea and in the USA.

This was followed by the opening of refineries in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1916 and in Wood River, Illinois in 1918. The acquisition was completed in February 2016, expanding the company’s oil and gas portfolio. Also under scrutiny was the U.S. Army, which had used the Rocky Mountain plant to make nerve gas during World War II. Attracted by Shell's U.S. oil reserves, the country's stable political situation, and a low corporate tax structure, cash-rich Royal Dutch/Shell viewed Shell as an increasingly worthy investment. The oil boom of the early 1920s, particularly at Shell's Signal Hill, California, site, provided the company with an opportunity to penetrate the Los Angeles area with sales of Shell gasoline and petroleum products manufactured in its new refineries nearby. Mankind has managed to adapt, time and time again, through a century of rapid change and periodic upheaval; and so has Shell. [9] In the year 2016, Shell Nederland Raffinaderij BV (Shell Pernis) said that it has started a new aromatics unit at the large Pernis refinery in Rotterdam, Netherlands.

With the maiden voyage of the Murex, the Samuels brothers had achieved a revolution in the transport of oil. There was also substantial exploration and production in Russia, Romania, Venezuela, Mexico and the US. The following year, after the discovery of chemicals that could be made from refinery by-products, the Shell Chemical Company began its manufacturing operation. These advances enabled the company to develop offshore projects in much more challenging environments. The Shell commitment and policy on Health, Security, Safety, Environment and Social Performance (HSSE & SP) applies across the company and is designed to help protect people, their communities and the environment wherever Shell operates.

At this time, the company designed and built its first gasoline service station. With ten to 15 billion barrels of oil and gas lying under these waters, the question was not whether there was oil and gas to be found, but whether it could be extracted profitably. On this page, we’ve looked at some of the key areas where we’ve made breakthroughs over the years, and where we’re still pushing boundaries today. Many of the union leaders present were not consulted prior to the event and memos sent to contractor management forbade any protest. By May, however, John Bookout and four other Shell executives agreed to tender their shares in exchange for Royal Dutch's sweetened offer of $60 a share.

The company's technological expertise in steam-injected oil recovery enabled Shell to boost Kernridge's domestic production and reduce its reliance on more expensive foreign sources. Approximately 65 percent of the holding company's shares were held by Royal Dutch/Shell Group. Beginning in 1978, for example, the company upgraded a number of its refineries and closed many of its less profitable service stations in order to concentrate on those in metropolitan areas with higher sales volume. New chemical plants were built that enabled Shell to become a leading producer of epoxy resins, ethylene, synthetic rubber, detergent alcohols, and other chemicals.

It was there that Shell had manufactured pesticides between the early 1950s and 1982, allegedly dumping carcinogens on the grounds. Its original offer of $55 a share was perceived as inadequate by Shell's directors and financial advisers, who placed the company's worth at closer to $75 a share, even though the offer represented a 25 percent premium over the stock's current selling price. In 1939 Shell Oil Company of California merged with Shell Petroleum Corporation, whose name was subsequently changed to Shell Oil Company, Inc. Shell encountered additional problems in 1989 over the cleanup of the Rocky Mountain Arsenal in Colorado. All rights reserved. Shell also pioneered the development of new fuel products during the 1950s, including jet fuel and high-octane, unleaded gasoline for automobiles. Environmental concerns were raised in relation to Shell’s plans to dispose of the Brent platforms in North Sea storage platform, as well as over Shell’s presence and activities in Nigeria. Shell also has companies in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. In 1958, the company redesigned its service stations in an attempt to make them more compatible with surrounding areas. Against this backdrop Shell launched new exploration programmes in Africa and South America and built new refineries in the UK. This was due in part to complex legal reasons as Royal Dutch Shell feared that there could be onerous liability problems if a closer control of Shell Oil's affairs was exercised by the "parent company". [14] The company paid up to an estimated $217 million to take over from former minority shareholders Partners Group. A class action lawsuit was filed in 1995 against Shell Oil when the polybutylene pipes caused flooding in many households in the U.S. and Canada. 14. However, in 1984, Royal Dutch Shell made a bid to purchase those shares of Shell Oil Company it did not own (around 30%) and despite some opposition from some minority shareholders which led to a court case, Shell completed the buyout for a sum of $5.7  billion. The Anglo-Dutch MNC is an 108 year old oil & gas corporation which is revered as the 4 th biggest company of the world & is one among the 6 top oil & gas super majors today. Meanwhile, Richardson had retired in 1993 and was succeeded by Philip J. Carroll. Approximately 80,000 Shell employees are based in the U.S. Its U.S. headquarters are in Houston, Texas. Through 1994, Shell had incurred $240 million in expenditures on the cleanup effort. New discoveries were also made in Borneo and the Niger Delta, and commercial production of oil in Nigeria began in 1958. Shell has been powering aviation from its earliest beginnings…here are just a few of the milestones the company has been a part of along the way. Shell is the market leader through approximately 25,000 Shell-branded gas stations in the U.S. which also serve as Shell's most visible public presence. In 1991, Shell decided it had to cut operating costs in order to generate enough money to boost its production. We’ve gathered a few of our favourites here to give you a different perspective on who we are and where we’ve come from. With so much inspiration to draw from the past, we are committed to preserving and celebrating Shell’s heritage and sharing it with as many people as possible. A boycott launched by the AFL-CIO, United Mineworkers, and National Education Association in cooperation with the Free South Africa Movement was initiated to protest both alleged mistreatment of South African workers by Royal Dutch/Shell and the company's inaction against apartheid. [25] Federal law prohibits a corporation from making a contribution. Underlying this rosy situation, however, were problems for Shell on the production side. The Troll field in Norway was one example, another was in the Gulf of Mexico where a new well was drilled at a depth of 2.3 kilometres. He already sold antiques but decided to try selling oriental seashells as well, capitalising on their popularity in the interior design industry at that time. In response, Shell began to diversify, in particular into coal, nuclear power and metals. The company has also continued to expand. Starting with the formation of the Seattle-based American Gasoline Company, Royal Dutch/Shell Group also founded Roxana Petroleum Company in 1912 in Oklahoma to locate and produce crude oil. The state subsequently deemed the proposal unsatisfactory. Sued in 1983 by the state of Colorado under the federal superfund law, both the Army and Shell offered a plan to pay for cleaning up the site. What is Shell's Net Carbon Footprint ambition? And Shell is still involved today, partnering with race teams at tracks around the world – from Formula 1 to MotoGP to Nascar. The firm, which was subsequently renamed Kernridge Oil Company, gave Shell badly needed crude oil reserves at a time when opportunities for successful drilling ventures were declining. By the 1960s growing environmental concerns led Shell to invest heavily in systems intended to reduce pollution and to conserve energy in its plants. In the 1980s Shell began to grow through acquisitions. Shell started the 1960s by strengthening its presence in the Middle East, discovering oil in Yibal, Oman’s most prolific field. But there are also big challenges in the century ahead. The company announced it would cut 10 to 15 percent of its work force as part of a corporate restructuring. Preserving Shell heritage. Shell", "Shell starts new aromatics unit in Netherlands", "Shell Oil Shareholders Awarded $110 Million", "Bredesen's Silicon Ranch solar company gains Shell investment of up to $217M", "First Look: Shell raises tallest structure at Beaver County plant", "EPA's 'High Priority Violators' Scattered Across the Northwest", "Shell agrees to settle TX refinery pollution suit", "The Public Relations Debate About Global Warming Heats Up", "$20 million Settlement Announced in Class Action with Shell", "Shell, Hoechst Agree to Pay $850 Million", "Shell ethane cracker in Pa. is about 70% done", "Shell Workers Had To Attend Trump Speech To Be Paid, Were Ordered Not To Protest: Report", "Trump's large union crowd at Shell was given the option of not showing up — and not getting paid", Shell Pennsylvania Petrochemicals Complex, Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shell_Oil_Company&oldid=983317318, Non-renewable resource companies established in 1912, American subsidiaries of foreign companies, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 15:11. The years that followed also gave Shell many exciting opportunities to demonstrate the quality of its products in the fast-developing market for petrol (gasoline). [19], Will Oremus from Slate magazine states, "The company's business depends on being able to anticipate and respond quickly to seismic shifts in the energy market. Its marketing expertise has enabled the company to compensate for its relatively low volume of crude oil production, as compared to its strongest competitors, by selling an equivalent amount of gasoline nationwide.

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