Taktshang (“Tiger's Nest”) Monastery, near Paro, Bhutan. But economic status drives much of one’s everyday experiences, regardless of where you live. High pass through the Himalayas, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, part of the historic caravan trail to the Central Asian trade routes. The expat community in Cambodia is growing and it’s not hard to see why. Migration across those barriers has been possible only through mountain passes. For in-depth treatment of Asia’s major geographic features, see specific articles by name—e.g., Pamirs, Gobi, and Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The specific features of the coastline in some areas—especially in the east and southeast—are the result of active volcanism; thermal abrasion of permafrost (caused by a combination of the action of breaking waves and thawing), as in northeastern Siberia; and coral growth, as in the areas to the south and southeast. Çanakkale, Turkey, on the southern coast of the Dardanelles. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The low cost of living, excellent health care and stunning scenery are some of the reasons why many expats choose to start a new life in Asia. Asia has both the highest and the lowest points on the surface of Earth, has the longest coastline of any continent, is subject overall to the world’s widest climatic extremes, and, consequently, produces the most varied forms of vegetation and animal life on Earth. Asia is a wildly diverse place.

Thailand lies at the heart of Southeast Asia, with Cambodia to its east, and Malaysia to the south. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass. The country’s religious traditions are incredibly diverse and exceptionally historic. Puskar Camel Fair | © Arindam Mitra / Flickr. The most convenient geographic boundary—one that has been adopted by most geographers—is a line that runs south from the Arctic Ocean along the Ural Mountains and then turns southwest along the Emba River to the northern shore of the Caspian Sea; west of the Caspian, the boundary follows the Kuma-Manych Depression to the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait of the Black Sea. Asia’s coastline—some 39,000 miles (62,800 km) in length—is, variously, high and mountainous, low and alluvial, terraced as a result of the land’s having been uplifted, or “drowned” where the land has subsided. When Western explorers reached South and East Asia in early modern times, they extended that label to the whole of the immense landmass. From Mumbai and Delhi to Guwahati and Surat, urban India is a vibrant and cutting-edge world of its own. From Malaysia, all of Asia is on your doorstep—beautiful deserted islands, fascinating cities, and glorious mountainous rainforests. Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. Island resort in the Gulf of Thailand off the coast of southern Thailand. It is believed that the name may be derived from the Assyrian word asu, meaning “east.” Another possible explanation is that it was originally a local name given to the plains of Ephesus, which ancient Greeks and Romans extended to refer first to Anatolia (contemporary Asia Minor, which is the western extreme of mainland Asia), and then to the known world east of the Mediterranean Sea. From the tropical climate and the tempting cuisine to the welcoming culture and the pulsing nightlife, there’s something for everyone in Thailand. Subscribe to the Magazine Today and Save 35%. Trading, shopping or just browsing through local markets is an integral part of everyday life for most Indians.

Asia has both the highest and the lowest points on the surface of Earth, has the longest coastline of any continent, and is subject overall to the world’s widest climatic extremes. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The farthest terminal points of the Asian mainland are Cape Chelyuskin in north-central Siberia, Russia (77°43′ N), to the north; the tip of the Malay Peninsula, Cape Piai, or Bulus (1°16′ N), to the south; Cape Baba in Turkey (26°4′ E) to the west; and Cape Dezhnev (Dezhnyov), or East Cape (169°40′ W), in northeastern Siberia, overlooking the Bering Strait, to the east. For discussion of major cities of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.g., Bangkok, Jerusalem, Beijing, and Seoul. For discussion of individual countries of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.g., Kazakhstan, Mongolia, India, and Thailand. Sort out the facts in this quiz all about the diverse countries and cities around Asia. Asia is the birthplace of all the world’s major religions—Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism—and of many minor ones. Nonetheless, Asia, the most populous of the continents, contains some three-fifths of the world’s people. The mountain systems of Central Asia not only have provided the continent’s great rivers with water from their melting snows but also have formed a forbidding natural barrier that has influenced the movement of peoples in the area.

The tallest peak in the world, Mount Everest, which reaches an elevation of 29,035 feet (8,850 metres; see Researcher’s Note: Height of Mount Everest); the lowest place on Earth’s land surface, the Dead Sea, measured in the mid-2010s at about 1,410 feet (430 metres) below sea level; and the world’s deepest continental trough, occupied by Lake Baikal, which is 5,315 feet (1,620 metres) deep and whose bottom lies 3,822 feet (1,165 metres) below sea level, are all located in Asia. The name Asia is ancient, and its origin has been variously explained. Asia is separated from North America to the northeast by the Bering Strait and from Australia to the southeast by the seas and straits connecting the Indian and Pacific oceans. Culture Trip stands with Black Lives Matter. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. How to Move Out of the US (and Where to Go): Subscribe to IL at a discount, and get a Blueprint for Your Escape, FREE... about subscribing to International Living Magazine, 5 affordable Caribbean islands to live on and 2 to avoid, 7 of the Best Cities in Spain for Your Retirement, Everything You Need to Know About Roatan Honduras.

More recent migrations have originated in China, with destinations throughout Southeast Asia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mysterious temples may ignite your imagination, or perhaps fried cricket will interest your taste buds? The Isthmus of Suez unites Asia with Africa, and it is generally agreed that the Suez Canal forms the border between them.

Fishermen at work Sridharan Chakravarthy / Flickr Bazaars in India are richly diverse and uniquely dynamic. Omissions? Cambodia, like Malaysia and Thailand, offers a low cost of living and a tropical climate. In addition, the peoples of Asia have established the broadest variety of human adaptation found on any of the continents. Former Senior Scientist, Geographical Museum, Moscow M.V. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In geologic terms, Asia comprises several very ancient continental platforms and other blocks of land that merged over the eons. Islam has spread out of Arabia eastward to South and Southeast Asia. Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. The islands—including Taiwan, those of Japan and Indonesia, Sakhalin and other islands of Asian Russia, Sri Lanka, Cyprus, and numerous smaller islands—together constitute 1,240,000 square miles (3,210,000 square km), about 7 percent of the total.

The impact and pressure continue to raise the Plateau of Tibet and the Himalayas. Indians live amidst great geographical diversity. From the inescapable allure of local markets to the integral role of religion in public life, these photos each capture unique aspects of Indian life. Asia has the highest average elevation of the continents and contains the greatest relative relief. For those looking to relocate in Asia, Thailand, Malaysia and Cambodia are among the best places to live. There are also appreciable concentrations in the Pacific borderlands and on the islands, but vast areas of Central and North Asia—whose forbidding climates limit agricultural productivity—have remained sparsely populated. Asia is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Red Sea (as well as the inland seas of the Atlantic Ocean—the Mediterranean and the Black) to the southwest, and Europe to the west. Lomonosov State University. Thailand lies at the heart of Southeast Asia, with Cambodia to its east, and Malaysia to the south. From the most densely populated desert in the world – the Thar – to the cold desert of Ladakh, the range of experiences that constitute daily life for Indians is unimaginable. For those looking for adventure, Cambodia won’t disappoint. More than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, making the farm one of the most potent symbols of the country. From bustling modern cities to remote island paradises, daily life varies greatly. Bazaars in India are richly diverse and uniquely dynamic. Accreting sandy beaches also occur in many areas, such as along the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Thailand. The northeastward movement of the subcontinent continues at about 2.4 inches (6 cm) per year.

India is among the world’s fastest urbanising countries. Cambodia has a lot to offer potential expats. Those physiographic extremes and the overall predominance of mountain belts and plateaus are the result of the collision of tectonic plates.

From the tropical climate and the tempting cuisine to … A historical movement of population from the arid zones of Central Asia has followed the mountain passes into the Indian subcontinent.

Updates? Asia is a very diverse continent which leads to diverse culture as well. Thus, the isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas, which culminates in the Caucasus mountain range to the south, is part of Asia. Living in Cambodia is more than affordable. The Greeks used it to designate the lands situated to the east of their homeland.

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