Palace of Eternal Happiness is the place where the Han Emperor deal with government affairs. The name Zijin Cheng first formally appeared in 1576. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987,[5] and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world. The central north–south axis remains the central axis of Beijing. All gates in the Forbidden City are decorated with a nine-by-nine array of golden door nails, except for the East Glorious Gate, which has only eight rows.

While development is now tightly controlled in the vicinity of the Forbidden City, throughout the past century uncontrolled and sometimes politically motivated demolition and reconstruction has changed the character of the areas surrounding the Forbidden City. Page 5", The Thirteen Ming Tombs in Beijing, "故宫外朝宫殿为何无满文? (Why is there no Manchu on the halls of the Outer Court? This comprehensive collection preserves the daily life and ceremonial protocols of the imperial era.[80]. [21], In 1923 Reginald Johnston, Puyi's English teacher, told Puyi about eunuchs smuggling treasures out of the palace and selling them in antique shops.

To the south of Cining Palace is Cining garden. However, under an agreement signed between the Qing imperial house and the new Republic of China government, Puyi was allowed, in fact required, to live within the walls of the Forbidden City. As a result, almost all of the buildings of the Forbidden City are later reconstructions of the originals -- the Hall of Supreme Harmony, for instance, has been rebuilt seven times since its first construction. The front courtyard and its main hall was used for receptions, while the back courtyard and its main hall served as living quarters. A number of temples and shrines were scattered throughout the Inner Court, including that of Tibetan Buddhism or Lamaism. Yet the Forbidden City survived waves of drastic alterations made to Beijing's architectural layout in the 1950s and 60s, in spite of Communist Party leader Mao Zedong's disdain for old buildings and other remnants of China's imperial past -- as well as suggestions by others in the leadership that the palace should be turned into central government offices. [24][failed verification], In 1924, Feng Yuxiang took control of Beijing in a coup. Chinese ancient palace take strict axial symmetry layout. [19] In 1900 Empress Dowager Cixi fled from the Forbidden City during the Boxer Rebellion, leaving it to be occupied by forces of the treaty powers until the following year. In 1987, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. https://" : " http://");document.write(unescape("%3Cspan id='cnzz_stat_icon_1000134584'%3E%3C/span%3E%3Cscript src='" + cnzz_protocol + "' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); Copyright©2009-2010 All Rights Reserved to China Tour. It is the imperial palace in the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is the ceremonial centre of imperial power, and the largest surviving wooden structure in China. Constructed from 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings,[2] reportedly encompassing 9,999 rooms and covering 72 hectares (over 180 acres).

[42] A three-tiered white marble terrace rises from this square. Above the throne hangs a tablet reading "Justice and Honour" (Chinese: 正大光明; pinyin: zhèngdàguāngmíng). To the west of the Hall of Mental Cultivation (N) in the western area of the Inner Court is Cining Palace (Palace of Compassion and Tranquility) and Shoukang Palace (Palace of Longevity and Good Health). The entrance to the Palace of Tranquil Longevity is marked by a glazed-tile Nine Dragons Screen. [22] In his memoir, Puyi claimed the fire was started by the eunuchs to conceal their embezzlement. The Forbidden City (Imperial Palace) in the heart of Beijing is the largest and most complete imperial palace and ancient building complex in China, and the world at large.

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